Certain drugs and medical conditions can cause gynaecomastia, but in the majority of cases, there is no identifiable cause. Surgery can help to give a flatter, firmer, better-contoured chest to men who feel self-conscious about their appearance.
The procedures can be performed via an incision on the border of the areola as a daycase, under intravenous sedation or general anaesthesia. This incision heals to form an inconspicuous scar.
Complications are RARE, but you should be aware of them so that you can make an informed decision.
Every operation carries with it the risk of bleeding, infection and delayed healing, all of which may require urgent or early reoperation.
Delayed healing can result in more conspicuous or unsightly scars. If you have dark skin, there is risk of keloid scarring, where the scars are lumpy and sensitive.
In addition, there are risks that are specific to gynaecomastia surgery.
There may be contour irregularity or asymmetry of the breast and possibly loss of nipple sensitivity. Very rarely, there may be loss of the nipple itself.
Pain after the operation is usually mild and oral painkillers will control any discomfort you have. There may be surgical drains in place, which are usually removed after 24 hours. The recovery period may last between 10 days to 4 weeks.
During your recovery, you will wear a compressive vest, day and night, which will help to reduce the swelling. You will be able to move around at home in the first week, venture out in the second week, and gradually adopt your normal routine again in the third week.
You should avoid driving until you are confident you can perform all necessary manoeuvres safely.
Our practice nurse will keep in close contact with you whilst you recover at home and you can contact us as often as you wish. Generally, you will have a follow up appointment at one week and one month postoperatively.
However, if there are any problems or concerns, you will be seen more frequently than this, or as often as you wish. In the longer term, you are welcome to see Mr Ng for a checkup at any time and all follow up appointments are free of charge whether they be at 2 months or even 10 years post operatively.